Health Center Program Terminology

Health Center Program Acronyms

329/330/340 ProjectsClinics funded under Sections 329 (Migrant Health Centers), 330 (Community Health Centers) and 340 (Homeless Health Centers) of the U.S. Public Health Service Act.
AAAHCAccreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care (“Triple A H C”, one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation)
AACNAmerican Association of Critical Care Nurses or American Association of Colleges of Nursing
AACOMAssociation of American Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
AAEPAmerican Academy of Emergency Psychiatry
AAFPAmerican Academy of Family Physicians
AAMCAssociation of American Medical Colleges
AANPAmerican Academy of Nurse Practitioners
AAPAmerican Academy of Pediatrics
AAPAAmerican Academy of Physician Assistants
AAPCHOAssociation of Asian Pacific Community Health Organizations
AAPDAmerican Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
ACAAffordable Care Act
ACEPAmerican College of Emergency Physicians
ACFAdministration for Children and Families (HHS)
ACLAdministration for Community Living (HHS)
ACHIAssociation for Community Health Improvement
ACOAccountable Care Organization – An umbrella organization that combines primary care physicians, specialists, and hospitals in an attempt to coordinate care and reduce unnecessary costs.
ACOGAmerican College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Actual ChargeThe amount a physician or other practitioner actually bills a patient for a particular medical service or procedure. This may differ from the customary, prevailing and/or reasonable charge as recognized by Medicare and other insurance programs.
ACUAssociation of Clinicians for the Underserved
ADAAmericans with Disabilities Act (U.S. Department of Labor); also American Dental Association, American Diabetes Association, American Dietetic Association.
AHECArea Health Education Center
AHNAAmerican Holistic Nurses Association
AHRQAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HHS) – Conducts and supports research, demonstration projects, evaluations, training, guideline development, and the dissemination of information on health care services and on systems for the delivery of such services.
AMAAmerican Medical Association
AMCHPAssociation of Maternal and Child Health Programs
AMSAAmerican Medical Student Association
ANAAmerican Nurses Association
ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute
AoAAdministration on Aging (HHS)
AOAAmerican Osteopathic Association
APCAAlaska Primary Care Association – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Alaska.
APhAAmerican Pharmacists Association
APHAAmerican Public Health Association
ARRAAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
ASFROffice of the Assistant Secretary for Financial Resources (HHS)
ASHOffice of the Assistant Secretary for Health (HHS)
ASGAssistant Surgeon General
ASHPAmerican Society of Health-System Pharmacists
ASLOffice of the Assistant Secretary for Legislation (HHS), or American Sign Language
ASPAOffice of the Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs (HHS)
ASPEOffice of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (HHS)
ASPROffice of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (HHS)
Assignment of BenefitsAn agreement in which a patient assigns to another party, usually the provider of the service, the right to receive payment from a third party for the service the patient has received. In Medicare, if a physician agrees to accept assignment, s/he must agree to accept the program payment as payment in full (except for coinsurance, co-payment and deductible amount required of the patient).
ASTHOAssociation of State and Territorial Health Officials
ATSDRAgency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (HHS)
AUCHAssociation for Utah Community Health – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Utah.
BBABalanced Budget Act
BCRRBureau of Health Care Delivery and Assistance Common Reporting Requirements – A uniform set of tables, data elements and definitions pertaining to the operational, financial and administrative management of the program, which programs were required to complete annually prior to 1996.
BHWBureau of Health Workforce (HRSA) – Helps America build a health workforce prepared and eager to improve the public health by expanding access to quality health services and working to achieve health equity.
BODBoard of Directors
BPHCBureau of Primary Health Care (BPHC) – Provides national leadership in assessing the Nation’s health care needs of underserved populations and in assisting communities to provide primary health care services to the underserved in moving toward eliminating health disparities. A major program component is the Consolidated Health Center Program.
BPIBusiness Process Improvement
BPRBudget Period Renewal
CACooperative Agreement
CACHIEColorado Associated Community Health Information Exchange
CAHCritical Access Hospital
CANCommon Accounting Number
CBHANColorado Behavioral Health Advisory Network – A forum organized by CCHN for Colorado CHC staff engaged in behavioral health integration to improve behavioral health services through collaboration and best practice sharing. CBHAN’s mission is to inform and collaborate with all CCHN sections and its BOD on the status of behavioral health integration and its impact on Colorado CHCs, and to identify strategic priorities.
CCCommissioned Corps – The PHS Commissioned Corps is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
CCANColorado Clinical Advisory Network – CCHN’s clinical network, which serves as a section of the Board of Directors. Consists of Medical/Clinical Directors from the 329, 330, and 340 programs in Colorado.
CCHNColorado Community Health Network – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Colorado.
CCMCNColorado Community Managed Care Network – The organization consisting of and representing the C/MHC partners in the Medicaid HMO called Colorado Access.
CDCapital Development
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention – Responsible for disease prevention and control, environmental health, health education, and many other activities.
CDHNColorado Dental Health Network – CCHN’s dental network, which serves as a section of the Board of Directors. Consists of Dental Directors, and other dental staff, from Colorado’s 329, 330, or 340 projects, and other organizations that provide dental services to the underserved population.
CEHRTCertified Electronic Health Record Technology – As certified by the ONC.
CEUContinuing Education Unit
CFBNPCenter for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships (HHS)
CFRCode of Federal Regulations
CHADCommunity HealthCare Association of the Dakotas – The primary care association representing health centers in the states of North Dakota and South Dakota.
CHAMPSCommunity Health Association of Mountain/Plains States – The Region VIII Primary Care Association representing health centers in the states of Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming.
CHAMPSCommunity Health Center and Academic Medical Partnerships
CHCCommunity Health Center – A community-based health care facility that provides prevention-oriented primary care services in medically underserved areas. Grant support is received from the federal government under Section 330 of the U.S. Public Health Service Act (sometimes these centers are referred to as “330s”).
CHIPChildren’s Health Insurance Program
CHPFSCommunity Health Partners for Sustainability
CIHSCenter for Integrated Health Solutions (SAMHSA/HRSA)
CIOChief Information Officer
CIPCapital Improvement Project
CIPCapital Improvement Program – A category of HRSA ARRA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program
CISChange in Scope
CLIAClinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment
Clinical Measures WorkbookA federally-developed document delineating mandated (primarily health promotion and disease prevention) services to be delivered to groups of individuals, as defined by Lifecycles. CHAMPS has a copy available in its Resource Library for members to borrow.
Clinical NetworkNetwork of clinicians working in community, homeless and migrant health centers, often affiliated with a state, regional and/or national association.
CMEContinuing Medical Education
C/MHCsCommunity and Migrant Health Centers
CMHCCommunity Mental Health Center
CMSCenters for Medicare and Medicaid Services, previously called Health Care Financing Administration (HHS)
CNMCertified Nurse Midwife
COBClose of Business
CODANColorado Operations Directors Advisory Network – A peer network organized by CCHN whose mission is to support Colorado CHCs’ health care operations through education, training, and networking opportunities and to act as an advocate for operational issues to the CCHN BOD.
Co-insuranceUnder a health insurance policy, a cost-sharing requirement which provides that the insured will assume a portion or percentage of the costs of covered services. The health insurance policy provides that the insurer will reimburse a specified percentage (usually 80%) of all, or certain specified covered medical expenses in excess of any deductible amounts payable by the insured. The insured is then liable for the remaining percentage of the costs, until the maximum amount payable under the insurance policy, if any, is reached.
Colorado AccessThe Colorado HMO consisting of several C/MHCs (represented by CCMCN), Denver Health and Hospitals, University Hospital, and The Childrens’ Hospital, as well as many local hospitals and specialty providers in Colorado.
Compliance ManualThe Health Center Program Compliance Manual; a HRSA/BPHC resource to assist health centers in understanding and demonstrating compliance with Health Center Program and Federal Torts Claims Act (FTCA) program requirements.
Co-paymentA term describing patient financial responsibility under a plan wherein the insured pays a specified flat amount per unit of service, e.g., $2/visit, with the insurer paying the balance of the approved cost. The co-payment is incurred at the time the service is rendered. The amount paid does not vary with the cost of the service (usually does vary with the type of service), unlike coinsurance which is based upon a percentage of the cost.
COPCCommunity Oriented Primary Care – A combined primary care and public health approach to identifying and meeting the health needs of a community.
Cost-Based ReimbursementA method of payment, different from fee-for-service, delivered to patients. In cost-related reimbursement systems, the amount of the payment is based on the cost to the provider of delivering the service. The actual payment may be based on any of several different formulae, such as full cost, full cost plus an additional percentage, allowable costs, or a fraction of costs. Examples of cost-based reimbursement systems include the Rural Health Clinics Act (RHCA), the Federally Funded Health Center Act (FFHC), and the Federally Qualified Health Center Act (FQHC).
CPABClinical and Professional Activities Branch
CPEContinuing Professional Education
CQIContinuous Quality Improvement – A methodology, which, when properly implemented, insures a constant elevation in the level of services being provided.
CQMClinical Quality Measures – A component of the CMS EHR Incentive Program (Meaningful Use), includes tools to measure or quantify healthcare processes, outcomes, patient perceptions, and organizational structure and/or systems associated with providing high-quality health care and/or related to one or more quality goals for health care.
CSDCentral Southeast Division (BPHC)
DABDepartment Appeals Board (HHS)
DDSDoctor of Dental Surgery
DeductibleThe expense that an insured party must incur before an insurer will assume any liability for all or part of the remaining cost of covered services.
DFIDivision of Financial Integrity (HRSA)
DGMODivision of Grants Management Operations (HRSA)
DHHSDepartment of Health and Human Services – DHHS is a cabinet level department, responsible for ACF, AHQR, AoA, ASTDR, CDC, CMS, FDA, HRSA, IHS, NIH, PSC, and SAMHSA.
DMDDoctor of Dental Medicine (Dentariae Medicinae Doctor)
DODoctor of Osteopathy
DrPHDoctor of Public Health
DSLRDivision of Scholarships and Loan Repayment – DSLR is responsible for the administrative aspects of the NHSC Scholarship Program and Loan Repayment Program.
DAEarly Decision Alternative – A scholarship obligor matching before the EDA deadline has the freedom to choose from any available HPOL site.
EDRCCHN’s Executive Director Roundtable
EEO/EOEEqual Employment Opportunity/Equal Opportunity Employer
EEOCU.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EHBElectronic Handbook – HRSA’s web portal for submitting grant-related information and reports.
EHCIEducation Health Center Initiative
EHRElectronic Health Records – A systematic collection of electronic health information about an individual patient.
EMCExpanded Medical Capacity – A category of HRSA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program.
EMRElectronic Medical Records (System); see also EHR
EncounterA contact between a patient and a health care provider (face-to-face).
EPSDTEarly Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment
FDAFood and Drug Administration (HHS) – Oversees the safety and inspection of foods, drugs, medical devices and cosmetics.
FFRFederal Financial Report
FIPFacility Investment Program awards
FJFarmworker Justice
FLEXMedicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Grant Program
FLRPFaculty Loan Repayment Program
FLSAFair Labor Standards Act (U.S. Department of Labor)
FMLAFamily Medical Leave Act (U.S. Department of Labor)
FNPFamily Nurse Practitioner
FOField Office – The federal office, located in one of ten regions in the country, having primary responsibility for National Health Service Corps assignees, community health centers, migrant health centers, homeless health centers, clinical networks, state primary care associations, regional primary care associations and other grant-funded activities.
FOAFunding Opportunity Announcement
FORHPFederal Office of Rural Health Policy (HRSA)
Form 5AUDS Form 5A (Services)
Form 5BUDS Form 5B (Sites)
Form 5CUDS Form 5C (Other Activities)
FPFamily Planning or Family Physician
FPLFederal Poverty Level
FQHCFederally-Qualified Health Centers – Those centers that receive cost-based reimbursement for services delivered to patients who qualify for Medicaid or for Medicare. In order to qualify, a clinic must receive federal funds or meet other criteria.
FQHC LAFederally-Qualified Health Center Look-Alike; see also LAL
FRPFinancial Recovery Plan
FSRFinancial Status Report
FTCAFederal Tort Claims Act – The provision in law under which federal employees (or other named parties) receive their professional liability coverage from the US government; available to NHSC providers, and providers who work in 329, 330, and 340 programs.
FTEFull-Time Equivalent
FYFiscal Year
GAAPGenerally Accepted Accounting Principles
GMEGraduate Medical Education
GMOGrants Management Officer
GMSGrants Management Specialist
GPCAGeorgia Primary Care Association – Formerly the Georgia Association for Primary Health Center.
GSAGeneral Services Administration – This is essentially the procurement agency for the government. Anything you want purchased must be approved by this agency first.
HABHIV/AIDS Bureau (HRSA) – Administers the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program for people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS who do not have sufficient health care coverage or financial resources for coping with the disease.
HCHealth Center; see also CHC and FQHC
HCCNHealth Center Controlled Networks – HCCNs improve operational effectiveness and clinical quality in health centers by providing management, financial, technology and clinical support services. The networks are controlled by and operate on behalf of HRSA-supported health centers. Each network comprises at least three collaborating organizations.
HCHHealthcare for the Homeless/Homeless Health Center – A health care entity that provides care to the homeless, funded under Section 340 of the US Public Health Service Act. (Sometimes referred to as “340s”.)
HCQRHealth Center Quarterly Report (ARRA)
HDCHealth Disparities Collaboratives
Health Care PlansWritten plans, developed by clinicians, which respond to the health promotion/disease prevention needs (Clinical Outcome Measures) of the Lifecycles.
HHS(U.S. Department of) Health and Human Services; see also DHHS
HIEHealth Information Exchange – HIE is defined as the mobilization of healthcare information electronically across organizations within a region, community or healthcare system. HIE provides the capability to electronically move clinical information among disparate health care information systems while maintaining the meaning of the information being exchanged. The goal of HIE is to facilitate access to and retrieval of clinical data to provide safer, more timely, efficient, effective, equitable, patient-centered care.
HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HITHealth Information Technology
HMOHealth Maintenance Organization
HOPHealth Outreach Partners
HP/DPHealth promotion/disease prevention (referred to as “hip-dip”).
HPOLHPSA Placement Opportunity List – A prioritized list of Health Professional Shortage Area sites eligible for NHSC assistance to insure the equitable distribution of NHSC providers to needy areas.
HPSAHealth Professional Shortage Area – A region of the country, or a defined population group; where, through the utilization of specific criteria, a deficiency of medical, dental, and/or mental health services has been identified; graded on four levels: I, II, III, and IV.
HRANHuman Resources Advisory Network – A forum of Human Resources professionals at Colorado CHCs organized by CCHN to network, share common challenges, exchange best practices, improve policies and processes, and recognize HR departments as vital strategic partners in the leadership of CHCs.
HRSAHealth Resources and Services Administration (HHS) –The primary federal agency for improving health care to people who are geographically isolated, economically or medically vulnerable.
HSBHealthcare Systems Bureau (HRSA) –Protects the public health and improves the health of individuals through programs providing national leadership and direction in targeted areas including organ donation/transplantation, cell transplantation, poison control, 340B drug pricing, injury compensation, and Hansen’s disease (leprosy).
HTNHealthcare Technology Network – Organized by CCHN; promotes networking and best practice sharing among Colorado CHCs’ IT Directors and provides guidance for CACHIE projects.
HVAHazard Vulnerability Assessment (Tool)
HWCHealth Workforce Connector – Online job bank operated by HRSA to connect NHSC and NURSE Corps scholarship and loan repayment recipients with careers in HPSAs.
IDSIntegrated Delivery Systems
IDSIncreased Demand for Services – A category of HRSA ARRA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program
IFCHCInternational Federation of Community Health Centres
IHIInstitute for Healthcare Improvement
IHSIndian Health Service (HHS) – Responsible for the health care needs of Native Americans and Alaska Natives, which includes maintaining clinics and hospitals, improving sanitation and water supply systems, sponsoring disease prevention programs, and performing clinical research.
IOSImmediate Office of the Secretary (HHS)
IPCAIdaho Primary Care Association – the primary care association representing health centers in the state of Idaho.
ISDIIntegrated Service Delivery Initiative
Joint Commission/ JCAHOJoint Commission for Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Hospitals and healthcare facilities must be accredited by this organization every two years in order to be eligible for federal funding programs such as Medicare and Medicaid and other insurance programs (one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation).
LAL(Health Center Program) Look-Alike Health Center – Clinics that operate and provide services consistent with Health Center Program requirements. Look-alikes do not receive Health Center Program funding, but are eligible to apply to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for reimbursement under FQHC Medicare and Medicaid payment methodologies, purchase discounted drugs through the 340B Federal Drug Pricing Program, receive automatic Health Professional Shortage Area designation, and may access National Health Service Corps providers.
LEPLimited English Proficiency
LGBTQIALesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Queer Intersex Asexual
LifecyclesA concept dividing the population into the following groups: perinatal, pediatric, adolescent, adult, geriatric and special populations (e.g., HIV+, Native Americans, Homeless). Health Care Plans are developed in response to the needs of these groups.
LRPBLoan Repayment Programs Branch – One of three branches of the Division of Scholarships and Loan Repayments.
MAIManagement Assessment Item
MAPPSMedia, Access, Point of Purchase/Promotion, Pricing, and Social Support and Services
MATMedication Assisted Treatment
MCHBMaternal and Child Health Bureau (HRSA) – Provides national leadership, in partnership with key stakeholders, to improve the physical and mental health, safety and well-being of the maternal and child health (MCH) population.
M/CHCsMigrant and Community Health Centers
MCNMigrant Clinicians Network
MCOManaged Care Organization
MDDoctor of Medicine (allopathic)
MedicaidA federal/state funded program (also known as medical assistance), operated by the state, which provides medical benefits for certain low-income persons.
MedicareA nationwide health insurance program for people over 65, and for persons eligible for social security disability payments.
MGMAMedical Group Management Association
MHAMaster of Health Administration
MHCMigrant Health Center – A health-care facility that provides prevention-oriented primary care services to migrant and seasonal farm workers and their families; funded under Section 329 of the US Public Health Service Act (sometimes referred to as “329s”).
MHPMigrant Health Promotion
MISManagement Information System
MLPMedical-Legal Partnership
MOA/MOUMemorandum of Agreement/Understanding
MPCAMontana Primary Care Association – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Montana.
MPCNMountain/Plains Clinical Network – The association of Region VIII clinicians working in CHCs in Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. MPCN is a program of the regional primary care association, CHAMPS.
MSAWMigratory and Seasonal Agricultural Worker – New preferred term for MSFW.
MSFWMigrant and Seasonal Farmworker; see MSAW
MSOManagement Services Organization
MUMeaningful Use – Refers to Medicare and Medicaid Electronic Health Record (EHR) Incentive Programs, administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), in which eligible health care providers and hospitals have the opportunity to receive significant incentive payments for adoption and meaningful use of certified EHRs.
MUAMedically Underserved Area – A geographic location that has insufficient health care resources to meet the needs of the population.
MUPMedically Underserved Population – A group of individuals having insufficient health resources available to them to meet their needs (the population may or may not be located within an MUA).
MYAMid-Year Assessment
NACHCNational Association of Community Health Centers – The national association that represents community, migrant and homeless health centers.
NACCHO National Association of City and County Health Officers
NAM  North American Management
NAP  New Access Point – A category of HRSA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program.
NASBHC  National Assembly on School-Based Health Care
NASW National Association of Social Work
NCA  National Cooperative Agreement – HRSA establishes NCAs with organizations to provide national T/TA to potential and existing section 330 funded health centers.
NCD  National Central Division (BPHC)
NCFH National Center for Farmworker Health
NCH National Coalition for the Homeless
NCHS National Center for Health Statistics
NCI National Cancer Institute
NCQA National Committee for Quality Assurance (one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation)
NDA Notice of Deeming Action (with FTCA)
NED Northeast Division (BPHC)
NELRP Nursing Education Loan Repayment Program
NGA Notice of Grant Award or National Governors’ Association
NHAS National HIV/AIDS Strategy
NHCHC National Health Care for the Homeless Council
NHDP National Hansen’s Disease Program (BPHC)
NHSC National Health Service Corps – A federal program offering scholarships and loan repayment to clinical providers, and technical assistance to communities; their mission is to assist in the development, recruitment and retention of community-responsive, culturally competent primary care providers in order to serve people in health professional shortage areas (HPSAs).
NHSC LRP National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program
NHSC SP National Health Service Corps Scholarship Program
NIA National Institute on Aging
NIH National Institutes of Health (HHS) – Conducts health-related research both directly and through the provision of grants to other organizations.
NIOSH National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
NLMNational Library of Medicine
NMWCNational Migrant Workers Council
NNOHANational Network for Oral Health Access
NOANotice of Award
NOFOANotice of Funding Opportunity Announcement
NOSORHNational Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
NPNurse Practitioner
NPDBNational Practitioner Data Bank
NPRMNotice of Proposed Rulemaking
NRHANational Rural Health Association
NWRPCANorthwest Regional Primary Care Association – The Region X Primary Care Association representing health centers in the states of Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
OAAOffice of the Associate Administrator (BPHC)
OAFMOffice of Administration and Financial Management
OAMOffice of Administrative Management (BPHC)
OASHOffice of the Assistant Secretary for Health (HHS)
OCOffice of Communications
OCROffice for Civil Rights (HHS)
OTCOOffice of the Chief Technology Officer (HHS)
ODOMOffice of Data and Organizational Management (HRSA)
O&EOutreach & Enrollment (for health insurance)
OEOCROffice of Equal Opportunity and Civil Rights
OFAMOffice of Federal Assistance Management
OGAOffice of Global Affairs (HHS)
OGCOffice of General Counsel (HHS)
OGHOffice of Global Health (HRSA)
OGMOffice of Grants Management
OHEOffice of Health Equity (HRSA)
OHITQOffice of Health Information Technology and Quality (BPHC)
OIEAOffice of Intergovernmental and External Affairs (HHS)
OIGOffice of the Inspector General (HHS)
OIHAOffice of International Health Affairs
OITOffice of Information Technology
OLOffice of Legislation
OMBOffice of Management and Budget
OMHOffice of Minority Health
OMHAOffice of Medicare Hearings and Appeals (HHS)
ONAPOffice of National AIDS Policy
ONCOffice of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (HHS)
ONHSOffice of Northern Health Services (BPHC)
OOOffice of Operations (HRSA)
OPAEOffice of Planning, Analysis and Evaluation (HRSA)
OPCAOregon Primary Care Association – the primary care association representing health centers in the state of Oregon.
OPDIVOperating Division
OPPDOffice of Policy and Program Development (BPHC)
OPROffice of Performance Review
OQIOffice of Quality Improvement (BPHC)
ORHPOffice of Rural Health Policy (HRSA)
OROOffice of Regional Operations
OSHAOccupational Safety and Health Administration (U.S. Department of Labor)
OSHSOffice of Southern Health Services (BPHC)
OSPHOffice of Special Population Health (BPHC)
OSBOOffice of Strategic Business Operations (BPHC)
OSVOperational Site Visit
OTCOver the Counter
OTTACOffice of Training and Technical Assistance Coordination (BPHC)
OWHOffice of Women’s Health (HRSA)
PAPhysician Assistant, or Public Affairs
PACProgressive Action Condition
PACEProgram of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly
PALProgram Assistance Letter
PAOProgram Approving Official
PARProgram Analysis and Recommendation
PCAPrimary Care Association – A state (SPCA) or regional (RPCA) nonprofit organization, federally-funded, representing the interests of its members (primarily community and migrant health centers) and the patients served by its members.
PCERPrimary Care Effectiveness Review
PCMHPatient-Centered Medical Home – A model of primary health care that puts the patient at the center of the model and also includes: access to care; comprehensive care; coordinated care; evidence-based care; payment structures that value primary care; quality care; safe care; systems-based approach to care; and team-based care.
PCOPrimary Care Office
PCSAPrimary Care Service Area
PDPosition Description
PDSA CycleA structured trial of change which includes four phases: plan, do, study, and act; the PDSA cycle will naturally lead to the “plan” component of a subsequent cycle.
PEERSPatient Experience Evaluation Report System
Performance MeasuresClinical and Financial Performance Measures data that each recognized Health Center Program organization must report via the Uniform Data System (UDS) annually, addressing quality of care, health outcomes/disparities, and financial viability/costs.
PHPCPublic Housing Primary Care
PHS(United States) Public Health Service
PINPolicy Information Notice
PMMProject Management Module (EHB)
PMSPayment Management System
PMSPractice Management System
POProject Officer
POPPrinciples of Practice – A document completed annually by all federal NHSC assignees, which describes the scope and location of their practices. The POP is negotiated between the assignee and his/her project and provides the basis for the assignee’s federal malpractice (tort) coverage.
PPAPrivate Practice Assignment – A type of NHSC assignment. The PPA professional is employed by, and subject to the personnel system of, the nonprofit private or public entity (the Entity) to which they are assigned. The salary and benefits are paid by the Entity.
PPACAPatient Protection and Affordable Care Act
PPOPrivate Practice Option – A type of NHSC assignment. The PPO professional conducts full-time private practice in an approved HPSA or Preferred Provider Organization.
PPSProspective Payment System – Through CMS, the methodology and payment rates relating to Medicare Part B; based on a national rate which is adjusted based on the location of where the services are furnished, which is increased when a patient is new to the FQHC, or an Initial Preventive Physical Exam (IPPE) or Annual Wellness Visit (AWV) is furnished.
PRPayment Reform
Project OfficerThe federal employee having primary responsibility for a project or group of projects (referred to in some regions as Project Management Consultant).
Program RequirementsThe 18 key requirements a health center is required to meet as a condition of being a recognized Health Center Program organization, within four areas: Need, Services, Management and Finance, and Governance.
PSCProgram Support Center (HHS)
PSOProvider Sponsored Organization
QAQuality Assurance – A process used to assure that care being rendered meets individual clinic goals, as well as meeting community standards.
QIQuality Improvement – A formal approach to the analysis of performance and systematic efforts to improve it; various methods/models of QI include: total quality management (TQM), continuous quality improvement (CQI), Six Sigma, LEAN, and more; all QI models are aimed at improving performance; in health care, improving performance can result in a reduction of medical errors, morbidity, and mortality, and lead to improved quality of life for patients and communities.
QMQuality Management
Quadruple AimThe Triple Aim, with the added goal of improving the work life of health care providers.
RACRural Assistance Center
RECRegional Extension Center
Regional Clinical ConsultantThe clinician, within the HRSA Field Office, having primary responsibility for clinical affairs within the Region.
RHARegional Health Administrator – Oversees DHHS activities within his/her region. The United States is divided into 10 regions for the administration of DHHS programs.
RHCRural Health Clinic/Center – A clinic located in a rural area that receives cost-based reimbursement, under Medicaid and Medicare, due to its qualifying under the Rural Health Clinic Act (RHCA).
RHIORegional Health Information Organizations – Organized cross-jurisdictional healthcare data-sharing organizations.
RHNRural Health Network
RNRegistered Nurse
3RNetNational Rural Recruitment and Retention Network
RPCRegional Program Consultant – A regional/field office employee responsible for a specific program.
RPCARegional Primary Care Association
R&RRecruitment and Retention
RRCRural Referral Center
RSARural Service Area
RTSCRecruitment Training and Support Center
SACService Area Competition
SAMHSASubstance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS) – Has both service and educational components dealing with substance abuse and mental health.
SBHCSchool-Based Health Center
SBIRTScreening, Brief Intervention, Referral to Treatment
SCHIPState Children’s Health Insurance Program
ScholarA person receiving education grants from NHSC in return for a required period of service in a high-scoring HPSA.
SDCStrategic Data Committee – Serves as a resource for CCHN staff in completing the projects involving strategic data, including the SSP, Environmental Assessment, and projects specified by the Executive Committee, and also provides strategic guidance on CCHN data projects.
SDOHSocial Determinants of Health or Social Drivers of Health
SEARCHStudent/Resident Experiences and Rotations in Community Health
Section 330Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act Statute
SEService Expansion
SGSurgeon General of the United States
SLRPState Loan Repayment Program
SOPStandard Operating Procedure
SORHState Offices of Rural Health
SPCAState Primary Care Association
SUDSubstance Use Disorder
SWCStrategic Workforce Committee – Serves as the strategic advisory committee for all CCHN workforce programs and projects, including the workforce components of Access for All Colorado.
SWDSouthwest Division (BPHC)
T/TATraining and Technical Assistance
TJCThe Joint Commission; see Joint Commission/JCAHO (one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation)
THCTeaching Health Center
TQMTotal Quality Management
Triple AimInstitute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Triple Aim – A framework that describes an approach to optimizing health system performance in three areas simultaneously: Experience of Care (improving the patient experience of care, including quality and satisfaction), Population Health (improving the health of populations), and Per Capita Cost (reducing the per capita cost of health care).
UCRUsual and Customary Rates – Those rates normally charged by health care providers for a service in a given geographical area.
UDSUniform Data System – A uniform set of tables, data elements and definitions pertaining to the operational, financial and administrative management of the program, which programs are required to complete annually. The UDS replaced the BCRR in 1996.
UPRUniform Progress Report
VHAVeterans Health Administration
WACHWashington Association for Community Health – the primary care association representing health centers in the state of Washington.
WICWomen, Infants, and Children Program
WYPCAWyoming Primary Care Association – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Wyoming.
WACHWashington Association for Community Health – the primary care association representing health centers in the state of Washington.WICWomen, Infants, and Children Program
WYPCAWyoming Primary Care Association – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Wyoming.